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Women’s Health – Week 14: Dementia

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From the Office of Research on Women’s Health

Dementia is the loss of thinking, memory, and reasoning skills to the extent that it seriously affects a person’s ability to carry out daily activities. Dementia is not a disease itself but a group of symptoms caused by certain diseases or conditions.

The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. People with dementia lose their mental abilities at different rates and may eventually need total care.

Symptoms of dementia
  • Being unable to remember things.
  • Asking the same question or repeating the same story over and over.
  • Becoming lost in familiar places.
  • Being unable to follow directions.
  • Getting disoriented about time, people, and places.
  • Neglecting personal safety, hygiene, and nutrition.
  • Changing clarity in memory, language, and reasoning.
  • Changing moods and personality.
  • Losing the ability to perform daily activities like driving a car or handling money.

A person with dementia should be under the care of a health care provider. The health care provider might prescribe medications that may help maintain thinking, memory, and speaking skills, and that may lessen certain behavioral problems for a few months to a few years.

Family members and friends can help people in the early stages of dementia to continue their daily routines, physical activities, and social contacts. If you are concerned that you or someone you know has a serious memory problem, talk with your health care provider.

Note
There are now drugs to treat diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Although these drugs do not stop the disease or reverse existing brain damage, they may be able to lessen symptoms of the disease for a time. This may improve a person’s quality of life, ease the burden on caregivers, or delay admission to a nursing home.
 
For more information: www.nia.nih.gov
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